Archive for July 2017

Dental Fluorosis 

  
One of the many types of common tooth discoloration is Dental Fluorosis.  Dental Fluorosis is a developmental distrurbance of dental enamel caused by excessive exposure to high concentrations of fluoride during tooth development.  These changes are most prone to occur in children between 20 and 30 months of age.  The critical period of exposure is between 1 and 4 years old.  Dental Fluorosis occurs when a child ingest too much fluoride.  Be certain that your child can fully spit out their toothpaste before introducing fluoride toothpaste .  When a child swallows fluoride toothpaste at a young age it can affect their permanent teeth that are forming.  The affects of fluorosis are strictly cosmetic.   The teeth are actually stronger because of the extra fluoride, however fluorosis can cause severe stain throughout the teeth.  

How to treat Dental Fluorosis?

Dental fluorosis can be cosmetically treated by a dentist.  Tooth bleaching, microabrasion, or a conservative composite restoration are commonly used treatments.  Typically bleaching and micro-abrasion are used for superficial staining, where constructive restorations are used for more unaesthetic situations.  Be aware that this treatment can cause severe tooth sensitivity, so it is recommended that you wait until teenage years to do treatment. 

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