Fluoride is a compound that contains fluorine, a natural element.  Using small amounts of fluoride on a routine basis helps prevent tooth decay.  Fluoride makes your teeth less disolvable in acid.  Fluoride encourages "remineralization," a strengthening of weakened areas of tooth enamel. 

Fluoride can occur naturally in water but is often added to community water supplies.  It is found in many different foods and in dental products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, gels, and varnish.  Fluoride is most effective when combined with a healthy diet and good oral hygiene.   

Fun Facts!

1. Systemic fluoride has been shown to reduce caries between 50 to 70 percent. 

2.  Water fluoridation is still the No. 1 cost effective way to prevent tooth decay.  However, 30 percent of communities in the United States do not have fluoride in their public sources of water. 

3.  Children may need fluoride supplements if they drink water that is not optimally fluoridated.  Dr. Glenn considers many different factors before recommending a fluoride supplement.  Your child's age, risk of developing dental decay and the different liquids your child drinks are important considerations.  Bottled, fliter, and well waters vary in their fluoride amount, so a water analysis may be necessary to ensure your child is receiving the proper amount.


1. Why do kids grind their teeth? Does the answer change depending on the age of the child?

It is not uncommon for children to grind their teeth.  We see it in children younger than 7-8 years old.  A lot of children will stop grinding once their six-year permanent molars erupt. Their permanent teeth bite begins to establish itself once those molars erupt. 

Children's bites are very flexible and subject to changes as they grow. Occasionally, children will exhibit an abnormal bite causing them to grind because of the placement of their teeth.

2. Could it be stress-related? Do children grind their teeth for some of the same reasons adults might grind their teeth?  

Grinding is more commonly related to stress when children are middle school and high school age due to final exams and other major testing.

3. What should parents do if their child is grinding his or her teeth?

If the child is still very young with baby teeth still present, nothing needs to be done as we do not want to affect their growth. If the child is older, intervention may be necessary. The plan is to protect the permanent teeth while not negatively affecting their normal growth.

4. What should they look out for? When should parents worry? 

Dr. Glenn will notice and track wear patterns and recommend treatment when appropriate.

5. Any other tips for parents who are concerned about their children's teeth-grinding issue?

Our major concern is that permanent teeth are not affected and normal growth is allowed to occur. 

First Dental Visit 

The Amierican Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommendeds the first dental check up at 1 year old or 6 months prior to the first tooth erruption.  At the first visit we will keep the it short and easy for your child.  Typically the child sits in the parent lap and holds hands while Dr. Glenn examines the teeth.  During the exam Dr. Glenn will check all of your child teeth for decay, examine your child's bite, and look for any problem with the gums, jaw and oral tissue.

During your first visit we will discuss:

1.  Good oral hygiene for your child's teeth and gums and cavity prevention

2.   Fluoride needs

3.  Oral habits (thumb sucking, nuk habit, lip sucking)

4.  Proper nutrition

 Regular check ups help you child stay cavity-free and it is important for your child's dental growth and development to be monitored.  We recommend children under 3 years old to have a dental check-up once per year; children 3 years and older should have a dental check-up twice a year.

Dental Fluorosis 

  
One of the many types of common tooth discoloration is Dental Fluorosis.  Dental Fluorosis is a developmental distrurbance of dental enamel caused by excessive exposure to high concentrations of fluoride during tooth development.  These changes are most prone to occur in children between 20 and 30 months of age.  The critical period of exposure is between 1 and 4 years old.  Dental Fluorosis occurs when a child ingest too much fluoride.  Be certain that your child can fully spit out their toothpaste before introducing fluoride toothpaste .  When a child swallows fluoride toothpaste at a young age it can affect their permanent teeth that are forming.  The affects of fluorosis are strictly cosmetic.   The teeth are actually stronger because of the extra fluoride, however fluorosis can cause severe stain throughout the teeth.  

How to treat Dental Fluorosis?

Dental fluorosis can be cosmetically treated by a dentist.  Tooth bleaching, microabrasion, or a conservative composite restoration are commonly used treatements.  Typically bleaching and microabrasion are used for superficial staining, where constructive restorations are used for more unaesthetic situations.  Be aware that this treatment can cause severe tooth sensitivitiy, so it is recommended that you wait untill teenage years to do treatment. 


Visiting your dentist every 6 months to have a dental exam, have debris removed, and a fluoride treatment applied.  Dental hygiene is very important! Simply removing bacteria daily will significantly bring your decay risk factors down.  Brush twice a day and floss once a day. Use fluoride toothpaste around the age of 4 years old, when your child is able to spit toothpaste without swallowing it.  Fluoride make childs teeth less disolvable in acid.  Beware of frequent snacking.   Also, assure proper fluoride through drinking water (city water contains fluoride, while well water does not).  You may want to start a reward chart/sticker chart to make caring for your teeth a postitive reinforcement.  If you are already brushing twice a day and flossing but still have a high decay rate, you may want to add a fluoride rinse once per day.      

 



The average child doesn't loose all their baby teeth untill 10 to 12 years old.  The baby teeth are important space maintainers for the permanent teeth, so we need to keep the baby teeth healthy untill the permanent teeth errupt.  A cavity (infection) in a baby tooth will contiue to grow untill it is treated and it can be painfull.  It is important to remove the decay present in a child mouth in order to prevent the spread of more disease (tooth decay).  Also, it is important to maintain a healthy environment for the permanent teeth to develop.   

What causes tooth decay?  Sugar doesn't cause tooth decay.  You can put a tooth in a bowl of sugar or breast milk for years and the tooth will not decay.  Acid need to be present in order for tooth decay to occur along with sugar.  The acid is produced when the sugars in foods or drinks react with bacteria present on the tooth surface.  The acid production leads to the loss of calcium from the enamel causing deminralization which is the begining process of tooth decay.  Keeping your mouth clean by brushing twice and flossing once daily your risks of tooth decay will go down significantly.   

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Frequent snacking can contribute to your child's tooth decay.  Avoid snacking throughout the day.  Try to encourage your child to have 3 meals and 2 snacks per day.  Pick healthy tooth-friendly snacks like cheese, blueberries, whole wheat cereal, vegtables, almounds, or yogurt.  It is ok to have sweets sometimes, just not every day.   

Tooth Friendly Snacks

At Dakota Children's Dentistry we have state of the art equipment to makes dental treatment as gentle as possible.  When Dr. Glenn numbs a tooth before placing a filling, we use "the Wand" that delivers the lidocaine so slowly and precisely that your child doesn't realize they are getting an injection  Patient comfort is one of our top priorities and we are always striving to achive great kid friendly care. 

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At Dakota Children's Dentistry our gentle approach is effective for children that are frightened or have dental axiety.  We allow parents to come back with their child so they feel more secure and comfortable. 
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We take time to explain how the procedure will go, we refer to this as "tell, show, do."   This helps reassure the child that nothing bad is going to happen.  It is our goal to help make everything as easy and fun as possible.   
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We feel it is important to give choices.  We let children pick their toothpaste and fluoride flavors. This helps engage the child with our procedures.  Our goal is to provide you and your children with comfort to reassure a postitive dental experience and to treat each patient with respect for their individual concerns and needs. 
 

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